EERO SAARINEN, FAIA (1910-1961)
Eero Saarinen was born in Hvitträsk, FInland, and emigrated to the US in 1923. He grew up within the community of the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills MI where his father Eliel taught. Saarinen studied there and took courses in sculpture and furniture design. He had a close relationship with fellow students Charles and Ray Eames, and he became good friends with Florence (Schust) Knoll.
Beginning in September 1929, he studied sculpture at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris, France. He then went on to study at the Yale School of Architecture, finishing in 1934. After that, he toured Europe and North Africa for a year, Finland for a year, then he returned to Cranbrook to teach. He became a US citizen in 1940. Saarinen worked for the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) during WWII, assigned to provide designs for the Situation Room underneath the White House. After his father's death in 1950, Saarinen founded his own architecture office.
Eero met his first wife, Lily, a sculptor, at Cranbrook, at the same time he met the Eames. He had two children from his first marriage, Eric and Susan. In 1954, after his divorce, Saarinen married Aline Bernstein, an art critic at The New York Times. They had a son, Eames, named after collaborator Charles Eames.
architecture, Saarinen achieved fame as a furniture designer.
During his long association with Knoll he designed many important
pieces including the "Grasshopper" lounge chair and
ottoman (1946), the "Womb" chair and ottoman (1948), the "Womb"
settee (1950), side and arm chairs (1948-1950), and his most famous
"Tulip" or "Pedestal" group (1956) which featured side and arm
chairs, dining, coffee and side tables, and a stool.
Saarinen died while undergoing an operation for a brain tumor at the age of 51. His partners, Kevin Roche and John Dinkeloo, completed his ten remaining projects, including the St. Louis arch. Afterwards, the name of the firm was changed to Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates, or Roche-Dinkeloo.
Additional Resources: Finnish Cultural Institute on Saarinen, Wikipedia.
1938 - The Jesse F. Spencer House, 8634 Nadine Avenue, Huntington Woods MI. Commissioned 1937. Saarinen’s first built commission independent of his father. 1700 sf. The garage has subsequently been converted to living space; the room shingled; the windows replaced and in some instances reduced.
1940 - The Charles J. and Ingrid V. Koebel House, 203 Cloverly Road, Grosse Point Farms MI. Commissioned 1937. Designed with Eliel Saarinen. Eero Saarinen's sister Pipsan Saarinen Swanson was the interior designer. Her husband Robert F. Swanson prepared final plans for the house in October 1939. Other members of the Saarinen family provided additional design elements, including custom-woven textiles and art objects. The two-story, five-bedroom flat-roofed house is 5600 sf.
1941 - The Samuel Bell House, New Hope PA. Unbuilt.
1942 - The A. C. Wermuth House, Tonkel Road, Leo-Cedarville IN. Commissioned 1941. Featured in the 1949 LOOK Magazine on Fort Wayne entitled "America's Happiest Town." As of 2007, owned by Paul Gentile.
1942 - Designed to meet WWII needs for defense housing, The Unfolding House was two sections that could be shipped anywhere and "unfolded" to allow a interior modular system. Never built.
1942 - The Kramer Homes, 8830 East Ten Mile Road, Center Line MI. Designed to house WWII workers. Commissioned 1941. The government erected eighty-seven buildings totaling 500 units. Upon completion, the development had its own playground, parking lots, circular streets, and large expanses of lawn. The housing units were built of solid redwood and each unit had a front and a back entrance opening onto small yards.
Kramer residents bought the housing development from the Federal Government and formed a housing co-operative in 1949. In 1967, the Saarineen modernism was completely obliterated through a series of remodels. Photo is from approximately 2005.
1949 - The Entenza House, aka Case Study House #9, 209 Chautauqua Boulevard (originally Chautauqua Way), Pacific Palisades CA. Designed with Charles Eames. Commissioned 1945. Has been remodeled.
The J. Irwin and Xenia Miller Cottage, aka
Llanrwst, in Muskoka, Ontario, Canada.
1957 - The J. Irwin and Xenia Miller House, 2760 Highland Way, Columbus IN. Landscape architecture by Dan Kiley. Commissioned 1953. The house was given to the Indianapolis Museum of Art by the Miller family. The IMA did an extensive renovation. Open for public tours.
Sources include: Wikipedia, daughter Susan Saarinen.
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